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Behaviourism

Behaviorism is a psychological movement that can be contrasted with philosophy of mind. The basic premise of behaviorism is that the study of behavior should be a natural science, such as chemistry or physics Behaviorism, also known as behavioral psychology, is a theory of learning which states all behaviors are learned through interaction with the environment through a process called conditioning. Thus, behavior is simply a response to environmental stimuli Het behaviorisme is een stroming binnen de wetenschapsfilosofie die zich uitspreekt over het onderzoeksdomein en de onderzoeksmethoden van de psychologie. Het behaviorisme is dus een filosofie achter de psychologie. Behaviorism is not the science of human behavior; it is the philosophy of that science. Binnen het behaviorisme bestaan verschillende stromingen. Een aantal uitgangspunten zijn echter gemeenschappelijk: Het onderzoeksdomein van de psychologie is het gedrag van mensen en dieren. Nie Behaviorism is a theory of learning that believes learning occurs through teachers' rewards and punishments that lead to changes in behavior (Duchesne et al., 2014; Blaise, 2011; Pritchard, 2013). Behaviorism is defined in the following ways by scholarly sources

De stroming die het behaviorisme wordt genoemd zegt dat ons gedrag door de omgeving wordt bepaald. Ons gedrag is aangeleerd door de omgeving. Het behaviorisme houdt zich alleen bezig met het waarneembare gedrag van de mens en dier: er wordt verder niet naar de motivaties van mens of dier gekeken. Behaviourisme from Mr. Chadd on Vimeo Behaviorism is the theory that human or animal psychology can be objectively studied through observable actions (behaviors), rather than thoughts and feelings that cannot be observed. Behaviorism's influential figures include the psychologists John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner, who are associated with classical conditioning and operant conditioning, respectively Behaviorism is a worldview that assumes a learner is essentially passive, responding to environmental stimuli. The learner starts off as a clean slate (i.e. tabula rasa) and behavior is shaped through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement [2].Both positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement increase the probability that the antecedent behavior will happen again Behaviorisme. Behaviorisme verklaart het gedrag van de mens door wat hij geleerd heeft. Gedrag leer je aan en ongewenst gedrag is te veranderen door iets anders te leren. Deze psychologische stroming is het oneens met richtingen die ervan uitgaan dat ook het onbewuste en de wensen van het individu een rol spelen

Behaviorism, also known as behavioral psychology, is a theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment Leertheorie: Behaviorisme. Het behaviorisme houdt zich bezig met conditionering. Volgens het behaviorisme wordt ons gedrag door de omgeving bepaald. Het gedrag is aangeleerd door de omgeving. Behavioristen kijken alleen naar het waarneembare gedrag. Conditionering is het leren door belonen, straffen of negeren Behaviourist pedagogy, or behaviourism, looks at the observable actions of students and assesses whether they are learning as effectively as possible. The central belief of a behaviourist is that students learn through reinforcement - constant feedback that tells them whether what they are doing is right or wrong Behaviourism, a highly influential academic school of psychology that dominated psychological theory between the two world wars. Classical behaviourism, prevalent in the first third of the 20th century, was concerned exclusively with measurable and observable data and excluded ideas, emotions, and the consideration of inner mental experience and.

Behavior Genetics Principles: Perspectives in Development

Definition. Behaviorism is a learning theory that only focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts any independent activities of the mind. Behavior theorists define learning as nothing more than the acquisition of new behavior based on environmental conditions Behaviorism, the doctrine, has caused considerable excitation among both advocates and critics. In a manner of speaking, it is a doctrine, or family of doctrines, about how to enthrone behavior not just in the science of psychology but in the metaphysics of human and animal behavior

About Behaviorism (Paperback). The basic book about the controversial philosophy known as behaviorism, written by its leading exponent. Bibliography, index T1 - Behaviorism and cognitivism in education. AU - Tomic, Welko. PY - 1993. Y1 - 1993. N2 - Dissatisfied with the results of research into human mental processes, American psychologists of the late 19th century turned to studying observable behavior instead. At that time, the methodological approach of behaviorism brought about a scientific.

Behaviorism - Wikipedi

Online vertaalwoordenboek. NL:behaviourism. Mijnwoordenboek.nl is een onafhankelijk privé-initiatief, gestart in 2004 behaviourism definition: the theory that human or animal behaviour is based on conditioning (= mental training and the. Learn more The assumption that important aspects of language are the product of universal innate ability runs counter to Skinner's radical behaviourism. </li></ul> 100. Noam Chomsky <ul><li>Skinner, who rarely responded directly to critics, never formally replied to Chomsky's critique

Behaviorism Simply Psycholog

  1. Behaviorism seeks to identify observable, measurable laws that explain human behavior. Because behaviorism focuses on observable behavioral outputs, classical behaviorists argue that any task or.
  2. Behaviorists assess the degree of learning using methods that measure observable behavior such as exam performance. Behaviorist teaching methods have proven most successful in areas where there is a correct response or easily memorized material
  3. TY - UNPB. T1 - Design and behaviourism: a brief review. AU - Lockton, Dan. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. M3 - Werkdocument. BT - Design and behaviourism: a brief revie
  4. Het document bevat Behaviourism in relation to child language acquisition; Geupload op 18 juli 2021; Aantal pagina's 1; Geschreven in 2019/2020; Type Samenvatting; Onderwerpen. A Level; A-Level; Behaviourism; English Language; CLA; Child Language Acquisitio
  5. Early forms of psychology assumed that mental life was the appropriate subject matter for psychology, and introspection was an appropriate method to engage that subject matter. In 1913, John B. Watson proposed an alternative: classical S-R behaviorism. According to Watson, behavior was a subject matter in its own right, to be studied by the observational methods common to all sciences.
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  7. d often begin with a discussion of behaviourism, presented as one of the few theories of

Behaviourism. The basis of the behaviourism is the theory that humans can be trained to produce certain behaviour in response to certain stimuli, and the more often the response is stimulated, the stronger is the training. In more advanced theories of behaviourism, reinforcement is seen as the focus, and the idea is that the right applications. Behaviourism. Group 1.Basic Principles of Learning. Theories of Learning. #AUOP

Behaviorisme er en psykologisk teori og forskningsmetode, hvis område er direkte observerbar adfærd. Behaviorisme beskæftiger sig derfor ikke med abstrakte mellemled som fx bevidsthed og andre mentale processer. Behaviorisme arbejder med lovmæssigheder for påvirkning af en organisme, dennes reaktion og konsekvenserne heraf. Der skelnes ikke mellem sjæl og legeme (monisme), og i. Behaviorism is a theory of cognition that focuses on behavior instead of thoughts, feelings, or motivations. Originally developed in the early 20th century, behaviorism continues to influence. Behaviorism is a theory of human psychology that suggests that all behaviors are acquired through the process of conditioning. According to this approach to psychology, it is our interactions with our environments that shape what we learn, who we are, and how we act. Behaviorism rose to prominence early in the twentieth-century as psychologists.

Behaviorism is a psychological theory of human development that posits that humans can be trained, or conditioned, to respond in specific ways to specific stimuli and that given the correct stimuli, personalities and behaviors of individuals, and even entire civilizations, can be codified and controlled. Edward Thorndike (1874-1949) initially. Behaviorism is a branch of psychology that studies the common laws that determine different human and even animal behaviors. It focuses on the behavior that can be observed, prioritizes for this reason the objective of the subjective Behaviorism. Inleiding. Deze stroming heeft tegenwoordig niet veel support meer. Blijft wel belangrijk. Daarom in dit stuk de highlights alleen. Maakte een vertaling uit het Engels, kan soms dat er nog wat engelse woorden in deze tekst zijn blijven hangen die ik niet goed wist te vertalen Behaviorism is harmful for vulnerable children, including those with developmental delays, neuro-diversities (ADHD, Autism, etc.), mental health concerns (anxiety, depression, etc.). The concept of Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports is not the issue. The promotion of behaviorism is the issue

Behaviorisme is een stroming in de psychologie. Dat wil zeggen dat het een bepaalde gedachtestroom beschrijft die door een bepaalde groep psychologie-wetenschappers aangehangen wordt. Het behaviorisme stelt dat alles wat men doet, denkt en voelt, een gedrag is en dat al deze gedragingen beschreven kunnen worden aan de hand van externe factoren Current teachers and those who are studying to become teachers need to understand how learning theories impact their students. The behavioral learning theory or behaviorism is a learning theory that greatly impacts students and how they act in the classroom. Learn more about the behavioral learning theory and how educators can utilize it to help students succeed Behaviorisme. De Amerikaanse psycholoog Fred Skinner (1904-1990) stelt de persoonlijkheid gelijk aan het gedrag dat mensen vertonen. Dat gedrag wordt weer bepaald door de gevolgen van dat gedrag. Daardoor kun je mensen en dieren dan ook bijna alles leren, aldus Skinner, zolang je maar het juiste gedrag bekrachtigt of beloont Behaviorism and Cognitivism are two movements in psychology that have significant implications for viewing learning and education. Behaviorism is the study of behavior for the purpose of identifying its determinants. Behaviorism employs mechanism as a fundamental metaphor, which assumes that behavior is governed by a finite set of physical laws Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an individual makes an association between a particular behavior and a consequence. B.F Skinner is regarded as the father of operant conditioning and introduced a new term to behavioral psychology, reinforcement

Behaviorism focuses on the importance of the consequences of those performances and contends that responses that are followed by reinforcement are more likely to recur in the future. No attempt is made to determine the structure of a student's knowledge nor to assess which mental processes it is necessary for them to use (Winn, 1990) Behaviorism(North American English) or Behaviourism (other varieties) (also called learning perspective) is a philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things which organisms do — including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors.The school of psychology maintains that behaviors as such can be described scientifically without recourse either to.

Behaviorisme - Wikipedi

Behaviorism by Watson John B. Publication date Not Topics PHILOSOPHY. PSYCHOLOGY, Philosophy of mind Publisher Kegan Paul Trench Trubner And Company Limited. Collection universallibrary Contributor Osmania University Language English. Addeddate 2006-11-14 22:02:26 Call number 32636 Digitalpublicationdat Behaviorism definition is - a school of psychology that takes the objective evidence of behavior (such as measured responses to stimuli) as the only concern of its research and the only basis of its theory without reference to conscious experience BEHAVIOURISM INTRODUCTION. Behaviorists believe that animals, including humans, learn in about the same way. Behaviorism stresses the importance of having a particular form of behavior reinforced by someone, other than the student, to shape or control what is learned. In aviation training, the instructor provides the reinforcement

Behaviorism - Skinner's Education Learning Theory (2021

Behaviorisme: wat is het precies? - Mr

Behaviorism Advocates. John B. Watson (1878-1958) and B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) are the two principal originators of behaviorist approaches to learning. Watson believed that human behavior resulted from specific stimuli that elicited certain responses. Watson's basic premise was that conclusions about human development should be based on. Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism: Comparing Critical Features From an Instructional Design Perspective Peggy A. Ertmer and Timothy J. Newby T he need for a bridge between basic learn-ing research and educational practice has long been discussed. To ensure a strong connection between these two areas, Dewey (cite

行動主義 ( こうどうしゅぎ 、 ( 英: behaviorism )は、心理学のアプローチの1つで、内的・心的状態に依拠せずとも科学的に行動を研究できるという主張である。 行動主義は、唯物論・機械論の一形態であると考えられ、あたかもブラックボックスのような外からは観察ができない心が単独で. BEHAVIORISM. BY JOHN B. WATSON. His Date of Birth is January 9, 1878 He died in September 25, 1958 at the age of 80 years old. He had an affair with his assistant, Rosalie Rayner in which resulted on him divorcing with his legal wife behaviourism (US), behaviorism 1. a school of psychology that regards the objective observation of the behaviour of organisms (usually by means of automatic recording devices) as the only proper subject for study and that often refuses to postulate any intervening mechanisms between the stimulus and the response 2. Philosophy the doctrine that the mind.

Template:Psychology sidebar Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is an approach to psychology that combines elements of philosophy, methodology, and theory. [1] It emerged in the early twentieth century as a reaction to mentalistic psychology, which often had difficulty making predictions that could be tested using rigorous experimental methods behaviorism definition: the theory that human or animal behavior is based on conditioning (= mental training and the. Learn more Approaches to Psychology Behaviourism Aidan Sammons psychlotron.org.uk An example of this type of research is Allyon and Azrin's (1968) study of the effect of a token economy on psychiatric patients. They were attempting to overcome the passivity and other behavioural problems often displayed by patients in psychiatric hospitals John Watson, Behaviorism   The rule, or measuring rod, which the behaviorist puts in front of him always is: Can I describe this bit of behavior I see in terms of 'stimulus and response John Watson's theory of behaviorism asserts that all behavior is predominantly influenced by external stimuli rather than internal mental processes

What Is Behaviorism in Psychology? Definition, Theorie

Behaviorism, as how it is today, is gradually left behind since there are many new theories of language learning. Regarding this issue, it is very important to ensure that actually Behaviorism is still useful in certain teaching and learning activities in the classroom BEHAVIORISM | Facebook behavioris

Doctors, lawyers, artists, beggars, or thieves. Regardless of their background or genetic predispositions. First, he completed experiments with eight-month-old Albert and later, he applied his theory when raising his own children. In essence, he applied the scientific method to human psychology which he called behaviorism Cognitive science and behaviourism. B. F. Skinner, Corresponding Author. B. F. Skinner is Professor of Psychology and Social Relations Emeritus at Harvard University, USA. He presented a version of this paper as the Distinguished Visitor's address to the Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society,. behaviourism. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Examples from the Corpus behaviourism • The more literally this is interpreted the more it seems to lead into mechanistic, one-way formulations such as behaviourism. • Extreme behaviourism is normally associated with B. F. Skinner. • One of the main tenets of behaviourism is. LEARNING THEORIES - BEHAVIORISM l CHAPTER 4 86 4.1.1 Pavlov's Experiments 4.1.2 Types of Stimulus and Response Remember from Chapter 1 that a stimulus is an observable environmental event that has

behaviourism. ( US ), behaviorism. 1. a school of psychology that regards the objective observation of the behaviour of organisms (usually by means of automatic recording devices) as the only proper subject for study and that often refuses to postulate any intervening mechanisms between the stimulus and the response. 2 Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism: Comparing Critical Features From an Instructional Design Perspective. Peggy A. Ertmer, Purdue University. Search for more papers by this author. Timothy J. Newby, Purdue University. Search for more papers by this author. Peggy A. Ertmer Behaviourism definition: Behaviourism is the belief held by some psychologists that the only valid method of... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and example

Behaviorism - Learning Theorie

  1. Behaviorism. Behaviorism was a movement in psychology and philosophy that emphasized the outward behavioral aspects of thought and dismissed the inward experiential, and sometimes the inner procedural, aspects as well; a movement harking back to the methodological proposals of John B. Watson, who coined the name
  2. Behaviorism focuses on observable, measurable behavior. Psychologists in the early 1900s were trying to establish psychology as an objective and measurable science. Behaviorism is scientific and replicable and helps modify behaviors through real-world application of the theory
  3. Behaviorism was just reviewed as a single theoretical system. Staats identified three generations of behaviorism. He ascribed the first generation of behaviorism to John B. Watson and his studies on conditioned emotional reactions. Staats associates Skinner, Hull MacCorquodale and Meehl, Spence, and Tolman with behaviorism's second generation
  4. Behaviorism is a perspective on learning that focuses on changes in individuals' observable behaviors— changes in what people say or do.At some point we all use this perspective, whether we call it behaviorism or something else. The first time that I drove a car, for example, I was concerned primarily with whether I could actually do the driving, not with whether I could describe or.
  5. Behaviorism. Behaviorism emphasized the influence of one's environment even more, as exemplified by Watson's famous statement: Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specific world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select—a doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even into a.

Behaviorisme - 8 definities - Encycl

  1. Online vertaalwoordenboek. NL:behaviorism. Mijnwoordenboek.nl is een onafhankelijk privé-initiatief, gestart in 2004
  2. Behaviorism came about in the beginning of the 20 th century. The theorist most often paired with the theory of Behaviorism is Ivan Pavlov, and his experiments with dogs coined the phrase Pavlovian response. He is closely tied with the first type of conditioning in behaviorism—Classic. Classic conditioning example
  3. g binnen de psychologie. Het richt zich vooral op gedragsleer. Hieronder zal ik de basisuitgangspunten, geschiedenis, mensbeeld, hun verklaringen van psychische stoornissen uitleggen. Begrippen als Gedragsanalyse, sociale vaardigheidstraining, Token Economy en habituatie.
  4. Let's begin with a brief description of four well-known theories about how people learn. 1. Behaviorism: Learning is a response to external stimuli. 2. Cognitivism: Learning is a process of acquiring and storing information. 3. Constructivism: Learning is a process of building an understanding. 4. Connectivism: Learning is a process of connecting nodes or informatio

History and Key Concepts of Behavioral Psycholog

  1. In Behaviorism uit 1924 nam hij wel een extreme omgevingspositie in. Waarom Watson zo'n extreme positie ging innemen, is niet helemaal duidelijk. Het ontdekken van de conditioneringsprincipes speelden zeker een grote rol: deze boden een mogelijke verklaring voor zeer veel gedrag
  2. Behaviorism measures observable behaviors and events (Watson, 1913; Watson 1924). John B. Watson, like Pavlov, investigated conditioned neutral stimuli eliciting reflexes in respondent conditioning (Watson & Rayner, 1920). Behaviorism views the environment as the primary influence upon human behavior, not genetic factors (Thorndike, 1905)
  3. British Library Online Contents Tuesday, December 11, Behaviorism, constructivism, and socratic pedagogy. Reading desks and facilities Computer workstations Printing — photocopying — scanning Wireless LAN Interactive whiteboards Study cubicles Workstation for the blind and visually impaired
  4. ing our personality. He was also a supporter of the ideas of Aristotle and John Locke, supporting the concept that we are born a blank slate and that our environment helps shape our.
  5. Behaviorism, Behaviorism A BRIEF HISTORICAL OVERVIEW PSYCHOLOGICAL BEHAVIORISM OBJECTIONS TO BEHAVIORISM CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY Behaviorism is a twentieth-centur Behavioral Psychology Jobs, Behavioral Psychology Degrees and Careers Behavioral psychology studies and analyzes observable human behavior, including emotions, actions and thou
  6. Is behaviorism as old-fashioned as we consider it to be and by no means applicable in today's digitalized world? In this article, I'll try to give you some tips on how behaviorism can be applied in today's Instructional Design for eLearning, and to explain for what type of eLearning activities it is more appropriate

Radical behaviourism is the philosophy of the science of behaviour. It seeks to understand behaviour as a function of environmental histories of reinforcing consequences. This applied behaviourism does not accept private events such as thinking, perceptions, and unobservable emotions in a causal account of an organism's behaviour behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism Background Information Learning theories allow teachers to better understand the process of learning. Together with the use of technology, learn theories have made a significant impact in the classroom Behaviorism is an area of psychological study that focuses on observing and analyzing how controlled environmental changes affect behavior. The goal of behavioristic teaching methods is to manipulate the environment of a subject — a human or an animal — in an effort to change the subject's observable behavior

Behaviorism learning theory

Leertheorie: Behaviorisme Educatie en School: Diverse

Behaviorism Many psychologists are envious of the prestige—and the achievements—of the physical sciences, which they try not to emulate, but to imitate. [B.F.] Skinner is archetypical in this respect: he is passionately intent on being accepted as a scientist and complains that only [the concept of] Autonomous Man stands in the way of such acceptance (which, I am sure, is true) Motivation - Motivation - Behaviourism: The contributions from philosophical and physiological sources have generated several stages of evolution in motivational theory since the late 19th century. In the 1800s Descartes' dualism was often used to distinguish between animal and human motivation. By the end of the 19th century, behavioral theorists such as the American psychologists William. Behaviorism. Behaviorism (or behaviourism, do not confuse with behavioralism in Political science) is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that behavior can be researched scientifically without recourse to inner mental states. It is a form of materialism, denying any independent significance for mind

What is Behaviourism and How to Use it in the Classroom

BEHAVIOURISM A01. Psychology Should Be A Science. Behaviourists believe that psychology should be a science and that psychologists should discover the cause and effect relationship between the environment and people's behaviour using laboratory experiments. BEHAVIOURISM A01. Behaviour Is Determined Behaviorism in Early intervention Phillip S. Strain, Allegheny-Singer Research Institute, Scott R. McConnell, University of Minnesota, Judith J. Carta, Juniper Gardens Children's Project, Susan A. Fowler, University of Illinois, Champaign, John T. Neisworth, Venn State, and Mark Wolery, Allegheny-Singer Research Institute A consistent and persistent devaluation and misunderstanding of behavior Behaviorism focuses on observable events that influence learning. The occurrence of learning is based on responses to various stimuli during the learning process. Learning occurs when the appropriate response is triggered by a particular environmental stimulus. Rather than emphasizing thoughts and emotions, behaviorist theory focuses on. A cheat sheet on Behaviourism with strengths and weaknesses what to look for in an exam and a summary of the concept SIM is loosely based on the school of psychology known as behaviourism, which considers behaviour to be produced largely by interaction with the environment. There are a few different types of behaviourism, of which SIM prefer radical behaviourism, and it's applied technique, known as applied behaviour analysis (ABA)

John B

Behaviourism psychology Britannic

Neo Behaviourism is a branch of psychology that draws its principles from behaviourism. Neo Behaviourism is a more flexible concept and seeks to analyze and understand phenomena that cannot be measured or observed such as stress, love, trust, empathy or personality. Neobehaviorism departs from classic behaviorism in that while the latter is concerned exclusively with observable behaviors, the. Radical Behaviorism. Developed by BF Skinner, Radical Behaviorism describes a particular school that emerged during the reign of behaviorism. It is distinct from other schools of behaviorism, with major differences in the acceptance of mediating structures, the role of emotions, etc. Behaviorism supports shaping desirable behavior through modeling

Behaviorism, also known as the study of observable behaviors, views society and all actions within it through the lens of conditioning, or learning by association (Skinner). Behaviors that can easily be conditioned are those with either an immediate reward or punishment associated with them. The basic theory of behaviorism has been applied in diverse fields such as medicine (physical therapy. ABC falls under the umbrella of applied behavior analysis, which is based on the work of B.F. Skinner, the man often referred to as the father of behaviorism. In his theory of operant conditioning, Skinner developed a three-term contingency to shape behavior: stimulus, response, and reinforcement Behaviorism definition, the theory or doctrine that human or animal psychology can be accurately studied only through the examination and analysis of objectively observable and quantifiable behavioral events, in contrast with subjective mental states. See more 'Psychologists use many different theories - cognitive theory, behaviourism and dynamic theory are just a few.' 'Especially in North America, behaviorism dominated the psychological scene through the 1950s.' 'Perhaps the shift from behaviorism to cognitive psychology has given educators a richer vocabulary to describe mental processes.

John BMoving Up and Beyond Maslow’s Pyramid - LifeEditedBDavidPalmer - Association for Behavior Analysis InternationalPsychology Theories -- XMind Online LibraryQuote-of-the-day-48-Funderstanding | Funderstanding

行為主義(英語: Behaviorism )又稱為行為論 ,是20世紀初起源於美國的心理學流派,主張心理學應該研究可以被觀察和直接測量的行為,反對研究沒有科學根據的意識。 其主要特色為以系統方法理解人類和動物行為,並假設所有行為的產生皆是由環境中的刺激所產生的反應,或是個體的生命史中所. BEHAVIORISM: CLASSICAL CONDITIONING, PAVLOV AND WATSON. Classical Conditioning - 1 Classical Conditioning: The Story of Dogs and Little Albert By Andrew P. Johnson Minnesota State University, Mankato Andrew.johnson@mnsu.edu www.OPDT-Johnson.com This is an excerpt from my book: Education Psychology: Theories of Learning and Human Development (2014) Behaviourism definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now Behaviourism is a supporter of the deterministic approach, which suggests that free will is and illusion and behaviour is pre-determined by our environment. Presuming the behaviour is predetermined allows it to be tested scientifically and aids psychologists in recognizing variables and factors which determine behaviour; as a key aim of science is prediction, this helps Psychology gain.