Shigella dysenteriae

Shigella dysenteriae is een niet-sporevormende, gramnegatieve, staafvormige, facultatief-anaerobe niet-beweeglijke bacterie vernoemd naar de Japanse microbioloog en ontdekker Kiyoshi Shiga. Shigella dysenteriae is de oorzaak van veel gevallen van dysenterie Shigella dysenteriae is a gram-negative bacterium that causes bacillary dysentery or shigellosis. The disease can be divided into two phases. 102 The first phase, occurring in the first 1 to 2 days, consists of watery diarrhea and cramping; this phase is mediated by an enterotoxin

Shigella dysenteriae - Wikipedi

Shigella dysenteriae - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Shigella dysenteriae (S. dysenteriae) the causative agent of bacillary dysentery invades the human colonic epithelium resulting in severe intestinal inflammatory response and epithelial destruction. However, the mechanism by which S. dysenteriae infection regulates proinflammatory cytokines during intestinal inflammation is still obscure Dysenterie is een ernstige vorm van diarree, waarbij vaak bloed en slijm bij de ontlasting zit. Deze vorm van diarree wordt veroorzaakt door de Shigella bacterie. Dysenterie is erg besmettelijk. Vaak lopen mensen de infectie op in het buitenland, waar de hygiëne minder is La shigellosi da Shigella dysenteriae è diffusa in Africa Occidentale e America Centrale, e colpisce soprattutto i bambini sotto i 10 anni, i maschi omosessuali e i conviventi dei bambini infetti. Si trasmette per via oro-fecale, e la carica batterica necessaria per causare la malattia è bassissima, bastano tra i 100 e i 200 batteri

Shigella. Species. Shigella dysenteriae. Full Scientific Name (PNU) Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga 1897) Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980) Synonym. Bacillus dysentericus. Information on culture and growth conditions. Culture and growth conditions Shigella dysenteriae type 1 produces severe disease symptoms collectively called shigellosis, which may be associated with life-threatening complications. The symptoms of shigellosis include diarrhea and dysentery, along with frequent mucoid bloody stools and abdominal cramps. S. dysenteriae causes dysentery by invading the colonic mucosa Shigella (shih-GEHL-uh) bacteria cause an infection called shigellosis. Shigella cause an estimated 450,000 infections in the United States each year. The four species of Shigella are: Shigella sonnei (the most common species in the United States) Shigella flexneri; Shigella boydii; Shigella dysenteriae

Introduction: Shigella is named after the Japanese microbiologist Kiyoshi Shiga who isolated the first member of the group in 1896 from epidemic dysentery in Japan which was then called Shigella shiga and is now called as S. dysenteriae. Shigella is an enterobacteriaceae Gram negative, Non motile Facultative anaerobes Non spore forming Non capsulated Non lactose fermenting except S. sonnei. Catalase positive except S. dysenteriae type1 and Oxidase negative The certificate of analysis for that lot of Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga) Castellani and Chalmers ( 13313) is not currently available online. Complete this form to request this certificate of analysis. We have received your request for this certificate of analysis. We will contact you as soon as possible Context: Shigella dysenteriae type 2 is rare in the United States, and outbreaks associated with this pathogen are uncommon. Objective: To determine the magnitude and source of an outbreak of S dysenteriae type 2. Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: Laboratory of a large medical center. Patients: Case patients were identified as laboratory. Shigella dysenteriae ist ein nicht sporenbildendes, Gram-negatives, stäbchenförmiges, fakultativ-anaerobes und nicht-bewegliches Bakterium.Es ist benannt dem japanischen Mikrobiologen Kiyoshi Shiga, der unabhängig von und zeitgleich mit dem deutschen Hygieniker Walter Kruse (1864-1943) 1897 den Erreger entdeckte, sowie dem als Hauptsymptom einer Infektion auftretenden Durchfall (Dysenterie)


According to Yabuuchi, the correct citation is Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga 1897) Castellani and Chalmers 1919, not Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga 1898) Castellani and Chalmers 1919 as cited in the Approved Lists. Publication: Yabuuchi E. Bacillus dysentericus (sic) 1897 was the first taxonomic rather than Bacillus dysenteriae 1898 Strains of serotype 3341-55 shared an identical antigen with Shigella boydii 18; however, they were distinguished from S. boydii 18 biochemically and with absorbed sera. Strains of the three serotypes were biochemically most similar to Shigella dysenteriae. Like other shigellae, strains from each serotype were invasive in the Serény assay Shigella dysenteriae 1 (Shiga) toxin was purified from whole-cell lysates by antitoxin affinity column chromatography, radioiodination, and Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration of 125I-labeled affinity column eluates. Two chromatographic peaks were observed.. Shigella infection (shigellosis) is an intestinal infection caused by a family of bacteria known as shigella. The main sign of shigella infection is diarrhea, which often is bloody. Shigella is very contagious

Shigella dysenteriae 1 Shigella dysenteriae 155-74 Shigella dysenteriae 1617 Shigella dysenteriae 225-75 Shigella dysenteriae 2a Shigella dysenteriae 3 Shigella dysenteriae 4 Shigella dysenteriae 5514-56 Shigella dysenteriae CDC 74-1112 Shigella dysenteriae M131649 Shigella dysenteriae S6554 Shigella dysenteriae Sd19 Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri, Shigella boydii and Shigella sonnei20are responsible for acute diarrhea. Man is the only known reservoir for Shigella spp. and transmission is by direct contact from person-to-person and by contaminated water and food. Sexual transmission has been observed in homosexual males Antiserum was prepared from one of the isolates and tested against Shigella and E. coli reference strains as well as the other isolates. The antiserum reacted with the five remaining isolates and showed cross-reactivity with S. dysenteriae serovars 1, 4, and 16; Shigella flexneri type 3; and E. coli O118, O159, O168, O172, and O173 antigens Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga 1898) Castellani and Chalmers 1919 type strain of Shigella dysenteriae : ATCC :13313 , CIP :57.28 , NCTC :4837 homotypic synonym

Shigella dysentriae merupakan bakteri gram negatif yang berukuran 0,5 - 0,7 µm x 2 - 3 µm. Bentuknya batang pendek, tidak berspora, tidak berflagel sehingga tidak bergerak, dapat memiliki kapsul. Koloni Shigella cembung, bundar, transparan dengan diameter sampai kira - kira 2 mm dalam 24 jam (Jawetz, 2008) Shigella infection and dysentery. Shigella bacteria are mainly found in humans, so person-to-person spread is most common.; You only need to ingest a small number of these bacteria to become ill. Shigella dysenteriae is most often seen in people who have travelled to developing countries.; Shigella infection (also known as shigellosis) is an infection of the digestive tract (or gut), caused by. Shigella dysenteriae it is the most virulent species of the genus and humans are the only reservoir of this and the others Shigella.The source of the infection is infested people and the spread can be directly through the fecal-oral route, or indirectly through contaminated food or water

Symptoms Shigella - Shigellosis CD

  1. Guidelines for the control of epidemics due to Shigella dysenteriae type 1. 1. Sample public health messages for prevention of Shigella dysenteriae infection . 2. Rules for preparing food safely to prevent dysentery . 3. Making water safe by chlorination . 4. Building a ventilated improved pit latrine . 5. Collection and transport of stool.
  2. Shigella boydii. Shigella dysenteriae. Shigella flexneri. Shigella sonnei. Deze soorten kunnen allemaal dysenterie veroorzaken. De soorten zijn actief in verschillende delen van de wereld. Zo komen Shigella Sonnei en Shigella flexneri voor in onder andere Amerika, terwijl shigella dysenteriae veel voorkomt in ontwikkelingslanden
  3. Shigella-infecties kunnen worden opgelopen door een gebrek aan controle van de water- en voedselkwaliteit, onhygiënische kookomstandigheden en onjuiste hygiënepraktijken. S. dysenteriae verspreidt zich via besmet water en voedsel, veroorzaakt lichte dysenterie vanwege het Shiga-toxine , maar andere soorten kunnen ook dysenterie-agentia zijn
  4. Among Shigella species, Shigella dysenteriae type 1 (Sd1) represents a particular threat because of the severity of disease it causes and its epidemic potential. In this context, a workshop on shigellosis was jointly organized by: WHO; ICDDR, B; IVI; and USAID to prepare recommendations for controlling endemic and epidemic shigellosis
  5. at room temperature and shake periodically. Pour supernatant into.
  6. g, nonmotile, rod-shaped and genetically closely related to E. coli. The genus is named after Kiyoshi Shiga, who first discovered it in 1897. The causative agent of human shigellosis, Shigella causes disease in primates, but not in other mammals. It is only naturally found in humans and.

Shigella dysenteriae The transmission of most Shigella infections is caused by the bacterium passing from stools or soiled fingers of one person to the mouth of another person. This happens when basic hygiene and hand-washing habits are inadequate and can happen during certain types of sexual activity Aetiology-specific estimates precursor of the Shigella dysenteriae type 1 O antigen and identifica- of the global and regional incidence and mortality of diarrhoeal dis- tion of a glucosyltransferase gene. Microbiology 153:139 -147. https:// eases commonly transmitted through food. PLoS One 10:e0142927 From September 1997 to November 1998, the French National Center for Salmonella and Shigella received 22Shigella isolates recovered from 22 different patients suffering from dysentery. None of these isolates reacted with any of the antisera used to identify established Shigellaserotypes, but all of them agglutinated in the presence of antisera to a previously described potentially new Shigella.

Shigellose LCI richtlijne

SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE. Se han descrito cuatro especies con más de 45 serogrupos basados en el antfgeno O: S. dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri, Shigella boydií y Shigella sonnei. No obstante, los análisis de ADN han determinado que estas cuatro especies constituyen, en realidad, biogrupos de E. coli que difieren a nivel serológico Habitat of Shigella dysenteriae. They are found worldwide. Humans are only the natural host. They are also found in human intestinal tract. They are mostly found in the area where there is overcrowded. Prevalent in low waste management areas and no safe drinking water supply. Houseflies serves as vectors. They are also found in contaminated. by Elizabeth Siciliani Introduction Shigella dysenteriae is a gram negative, rod-shaped (see figure 1), non-spore forming, facultative anaerobe (capable of both aerobic and anaerobic metabolism, depending on the availability of oxygen), nonmotile bacteria. As depicted in figure 1, this bacterium contains fimbriae, which are 1-2µm long, hair-like structures that allow efficient attachment to. Shigella dysenteriae - Gram-ujemna pałeczka i względnie beztlenowa, niezdolna do ruchu.Podobieństwa morfologiczne, genetyczne oraz fizjologiczne wskazują na pokrewieństwo z enteroinwazyjnymi bakteriami Escherichia coli.Najczęściej zakażenie tą bakterią następuje drogą fekalno-oralną przez skażony pokarm i wodę lub przez kontakt bezpośredni, w tym kontakt seksualny

Shigella - Wikipedi

  1. MORPHOLOGY OF SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE (Sh. dysenteriae). Shape - Shigella dysenteriae is a short, rod shape (bacillus) bacterium.. Size - The size of Shigella dysenteriae is about 1-3 µm × 0.5 µm (micrometer).. Arrangement Of Cells - Shigella dysenteriae is arranged singly or in pairs.. Motility - Shigella dysenteriae is a non-motile bacterium
  2. CerTest Shigella dysenteriae one step card test is a coloured chromatographic immunoassay for the qualitative detection of Shigella dysenteriae type 1 in stool samples and Shigella dysenteriae suspected colonies in stool culture.. CerTest Shigella dysenteriae card test offers a simple and highly sensitive screening assay to make a presumptive diagnosis of Shigella dysenteriae infection.
  3. Shigella dysenteriae Shigella flexneri Shigella sonnei Shigella boydii. They are gram-negative, citrate negative, H 2 S negative, lysine decarboxylase negative, non-lactose fermenting, bile salt resistant, facultative anaerobes that are non-motile and posses a capsule (K antigen) and an O antigen
  4. Shigella dysenteriae - Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Vernacular names [ edit ] українська: шигела дизентерійна; шигелла Шига, шигелла серогрупи
  5. Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Shigella dysenteriae.View this species on GBI
  6. Shigella is one of the major pathogens that causes diar-rheal diseases in humans and animals [1, 2]. Since the first highly toxigenic Shigella dysenteriae was isolated in 1898 [3], four species have been described in Shigella genus. Each subgroup can be divided into multiple subtypes according to biochemical and serological prop-erties [4, 5]

Shigella dysenteriae infection activates proinflammatory

Dysenterie - Aandoeningen Gezondheidsplein

  1. g, nonmotile bacteria. Their cells are 0.4 to 0.6 micrometre across by 1 to 3 micrometres long. S. dysenteriae, spread by conta
  2. g, facultative anaerobic bacteria that are not capsualted. The bacteria are able to survive conta
  3. Shigella infection can damage the lining of the intestines. In rare cases, shigella bacteria can enter the bloodstream through the damaged intestinal lining and cause a bloodstream infection. Prevention. Although researchers continue to work to develop a shigella vaccine, nothing is available yet. To prevent the spread of shigella
  4. Abstract. The Shiga toxins constitute a family of functionally and structurally related toxins produced by Shigella dysenteriae type 1 (also called Shiga's bacillus) and a subset of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli called STEC (for Shiga toxin-producing E. coli).Shiga toxins of STEC were formerly called Shiga-like toxins and are alternatively named Vero toxins (Calderwood et al. 1996; Karmali.
  5. Shigella dysenteriae é unha especie de bacterias de forma bacilar do xénero Shigella. Especies de Shigella poden causar shigelose (tamén chamada disentería bacilar). Son bacterias gramnegativas, non formadoras de esporas, anaerobias facltativas. S. dysenteriae ten a capacidade de invadir e replicarse en varias especies de células.

Origine. Shigella dysenteriae est découverte en 1896 par le biologiste japonais Kiyoshi Shiga, comme étant la cause d'une forme de dysenterie, la dysenterie bacillaire.. Ces bactéries peuvent être trouvées dans l'eau ou dans certains aliments tels qu'œufs et crudités. Nature des toxines produites. Shigella utilise l'inflammation qu'elle génère initialement pour déstabiliser la. Shigella dysenteriae é uma espécie de bactéria patogênica bacilar altamente contagiosa que pode causar shigelose, a causa mais comum de disenteria bacteriana epidêmica nos últimos 100 anos. É comum na América Central, Sudeste da Ásia, África central e leste. [1]Características. A Shigella é uma bactéria Gram-negativa, não formadora de esporos, anaeróbia facultativa, sem. Taxonomy Family Enterobacteriaceae1. Shigella dysenteriae: most serious form of bacillary dysentery2. Shigella flexneri: shigellosis in underdeveloped countries3. Shigella sonnei: shigellosis in developed countries4. Shigella boydii Dr.T.V.Rao MD 5 6 Shigella dysenteriae: Taxonomy navigation › Shigella All lower taxonomy nodes (15) Common name i-Synonym i-Other names i ›Bacillus dysenteriae Shiga 1898 ›Bacillus dysentericus Shiga 1897 ›Bacillus shigae Chester 1901 ›Eberthella dysenteriae (Shiga 1898) Bergey et al. 1925 ›Shigella shigae. Shigella dysenteriae answers are found in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web

Fact sheet on Shigella

Shigella dysenteriae: a species causing severe necrotizing dysentery in humans induced by a virulent shiga toxin found only in feces of symptomatic individuals; the type species of the genus Shigella . Synonym(s): Shiga bacillus , Shiga-Kruse bacillu Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga 1897, corrig.) Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980) Comments on this species Edit: LinkOut LinkOut Subject; NCBI Taxonomy Catalogue of Life (CoL) Species database Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Biodiversity database ©Global Catalogue of. Shigella dysenteriae. A 6-year-old girl is brought in to the emergency department for a 2-day history of fever and watery diarrhea. This morning, the diarrhea contained some blood. She had just traveled to Bangladesh to visit relatives. According to her family, an uncle there recently had bloody diarrhea as well For severe cases of shigellosis, particularly, involving Shigella dysenteriae, antibiotics may be required. Effective antibiotic treatment reduces the average duration of illness from approximately 5 to 7 days to approximately 3 days and also reduces the period of Shigella excretion after symptoms subside

Shigella is a genus of bacteria that is Gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, non-spore-forming, nonmotile, rod-shaped and genetically closely related to E. coli.The genus is named after Kiyoshi Shiga, who first discovered it in 1897.. The causative agent of human shigellosis, Shigella causes disease in primates, but not in other mammals. It is only naturally found in humans and gorillas Shigella dysenteriae là một loài thuộc chi vi khuẩn hình que Shigella. loài Shigella có thể gây ra bệnh shigella (bệnh lỵ trực khuẩn).Shigellae là vi khuẩn gram âm, không hình thành bào tử, vi khuẩn kỵ khí, không di động. S. Fraenteriae có khả năng xâm lấn và nhân lên ở nhiều loài tế bào biểu mô và tế bào ruột Shigella dysenteriae, bacteria which causes bacillary dysentery or shigellosis, seen under a microscope. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Image To the Editor: Multidrug-resistant Shigella dysenteriae type 1 caused an extensive epidemic of shigellosis in eastern India in 1984 ().These strains were, however, sensitive to nalidixic acid, and clinicians found excellent results by using it to treat bacillary dysentery cases

Shigella dysenteriae - scheda batteriologica ed

Shigella dysenteriae Type strain CIP 57

Beta-galactosidase (ONPG) test: Negative S. sonnei and upto 15% Shigella dysenteriae type 1 strains and minority of S. boydii strains are ONPG positive. Acid produced from a number of carbohydrates. Glucose is fermented with acid only (gas is produced by few strains only) Mannitol is fermented by all except S.dysenteria Shigella dysenteriae serotype 1, one of about forty serotypes of Shigella, causes a more severe disease with a much higher mortality rate than other serotypes. There are no licensed vaccines. Shigella, Shigella dysenteriae. type 1 (Sd1) is especially important because it causes the most severe disease and may occur in large regional epidemics. Major obstacles to the control of shigellosis include the ease with which . Shigella . spreads from person to person and the rapidity with which it develops antimicrobial resistance Shigella dysenteriae Vaccines. Focusing on the development of various vaccines, it is the mission of Creative Biolabs to continuously deliver the highest quality and reliable products and services to researchers around the world. In the more than ten years of growth, we have gradually established a comprehensive and systematic research and development system and built a scientific and perfect.

Shigella dysenteriae - microbewik

Diversity within Shigella dysenteriae (n =40) and Shigella boydii (n =30) isolates from children living in Egypt aged <5 years was investigated. Shigella-associated diarrhoea occurred mainly in summer months and in children aged <3 years, it commonly presented with vomiting and fever.Serotypes 7 (30%), 2 (28%), and 3 (23%) accounted for most of S. dysenteriae isolates; 50% of S. boydii. Bennish ML, Khan WA, Begum M, et al. Low risk of hemolytic uremic syndrome after early effective antimicrobial therapy for Shigella dysenteriae type 1 infection in Bangladesh. Clin Infect Dis 2006; 42:356. McDonough MA, Butterton JR. Spontaneous tandem amplification and deletion of the shiga toxin operon in Shigella dysenteriae 1 Een positieve PCR kan geen onderscheid maken tussen een infectie met Shigella spp. of een Entero-invasieve E. coli. Bij een positieve PCR wordt standaard een kweek ingezet voor nadere typering en een gevoeligheidsbepaling. Bijzonderheden: Shigellose is een meldingsplichtige ziekte groep B2

Questions & Answers Shigella - Shigellosis CD

Shigella dysenteriae además produce la toxina Shiga que difunde extracelularmente hasta células blanco específicas. Posee efectos citotóxicos, inhibiendo la síntesis proteica y llevando a la muerte de células intestinales, células epiteliales del glomérulo y del túbul Shigella-Artengruppen Gruppe A, Shigella dysenteriae : Die Bakterien der Gruppe A sind hauptsächlich in den Tropen und Subtropen verbreitet. Besonders schwer sind Infektionen mit dem Serotyp A (auch Shiga-Kruse-Bakterium), da diese Bakterien neben den normalen Giften auch ein Nervengift bilden Shigella dysenteriae species belongs to genus shigella. Shigella. is a Gram-negative, non-motile, Facultative anaerobe and non-spore forming bacillus belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae

Shigella - SlideShar

Shigella dysenteriae is a species of the rod-shaped bacterial genus Shigella. Shigella species can cause shigellosis (bacillary dysentery ). Shigellae are Gram-negative, nonspore-forming, facultatively anaerobic, nonmotile bacteria. S. dysenteriae, spread by contaminated water and food, causes the most severe dysentery because of its potent and. Introduction. Shigella is one of the most common bacterial agents of acute diarrhoea. It has been estimated that 165 million cases of shigellosis occur annually worldwide, resulting in 1.1 million deaths, mainly in the Third World , -.Among the numerous Shigella serotypes, S. dysenteriae type 1 was the first described and stands out for causing deadly epidemics in the most impoverished areas. CerTest Shigella dysenteriae + STX one step combo card test is a coloured chromatographic immunoassay for the simultaneous qualitative detection of Shigella dysenteriae type 1 and Shiga toxin (STX) produced by Shigella dysenteriae in stool samples and Shigella dysenteriae suspected colonies in stool culture.. CerTest Shigella dysenteriae + STX combo card test offers a simple and highly. 500 µg (E. coli) EUR 2938. Description: Shigella Dysenteriae serotype 1 (strain Sd197) Agmatinase, recombinant protein. The protein consists of 1136 amino acid residues encoded by 3411 bases and has a molecular weight of 125.35 kDa. The optimum temperature and pH of this enzyme are 50°C and pH 4.0

Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga) Castellani and Chalmers ATC

Shigella is a Gram-negative bacterium that belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family.. There are 4 species of Shigella: . S. dysenteriae, S. flexneri; S. boydii; and S. sonnei, and each has its own serotypes. In humans these species can all cause Shigellosis, which is a contagious infection of the intestines, particularly the colon Name: Shigella Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980) Category: Genus Proposed as: gen. nov. Etymology: N.L. fem. dim. n. Shigella, named after K. Shiga, the Japanese bacteriologist who first discovered the dysentery bacillus Gender: feminine Type species: Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga 1897) Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980 Allmänt. Shigella dysenteriae är en gramnegativ, fakultativ anaerob, stavformad bakterie [1] som ingår i släktet Shigella, innefattande 4 arter: Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri, Shigella boydii och Shigella sonnei. [2] Den allvarligaste formen av Shigellainfektioner är Shigella dysenteriae typ 1, som ligger bakom flest shigellarelaterade. Shigella Dysenteriae. Shigella Dysenteriae. Common Name: Shiga bacillus, Bacillary dysenteriae General Characteristics § Short rods, 0.5 to 0.7 u in width and 2 to 3 u in length § Non encapsulated, non spore forming, non-motile § Stain well with aniline dyes; gram negative § Aerobic but facultatively anaerobic § On EMB agar plate, colonies are smooth, convex, colorless, smooth and roun

An outbreak of Shigella dysenteriae type 2 among

Abstract. Strains of Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri and Shigella boydii express lipopolysaccharides, that enable the serotyping of strains based on their antigenic structures. Certain strains of S. dysenteriae, S. flexneri and S. boydii are known to share epitopes with strains of Escherichia coli; however, the lipopolysaccharide profiles of the cross-reacting organisms have not been. shigella dysenteriae illustrations. acid reflux or heartburn, the photo of stomach is on the men's body against gray background, bad health, male anatomy concept - shigella dysenteriae stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. human pathogenic bacteria - shigella dysenteriae stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images

Shigella - YouTubehasananalis: Shigella disentriaeShigella dysenteriaeShigella dysenteriae - online presentationShigelladysenteriae 110522021021-phpapp02 (1)

Shigella är ett släkte av fakultativt anaeroba gramnegativa stavformade bakterier besläktade med Escherichia coli och Salmonella och tillhör familjen Enterobacteriaceae.Bakterien är uppkallad efter sin upptäckare, japanen Kiyoshi Shiga.Bakterien orsakar Shigellos.Det finns fyra arter och 44 serotyper.De fyra arterna är: Shigella dysenteriae (12 serotyper The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Shigella a genus of microorganisms of the family Enterobacteriaceae. It comprises different species of the causative agent of dysentery in monkeys and humans. They are gram-negative, nonmotile, nonspore-forming rods measuring 2-3. Many Shigella strains are pathogens, disseminated through water and food [1,2,3,4,5].In 2016, 12,597 cases of culture-confirmed Shigella infections were reported by 52 state and regional public health laboratories to Laboratory-based Enteric Disease Surveillance (LEDS) []. S. dysenteriae is a diarrheal bacterium that infects 80-165 million people and kills an estimated 600,000 people. Inkubační doba je 1-4 dny. Shigella dysenteriae v stolici pacienta s onemocněním shigelióza. Klinické příznaky bacilární dyzentérie: teplota, bolestivé nutkání na stolici, vysoká frekvence stolic s hlenem a krví. Infekce trvá 2-3 dny. Podrobnější informace naleznete na stránce Shigelóza. Kultivace Shigella dysenteriae энэ нь удам угсааны хамгийн хоруу чанартай зүйл бөгөөд бусад нь цорын ганц усан сан юм Шигелла.Халдварын эх үүсвэр нь хүмүүс халдварладаг бөгөөд тархалт нь ялгадас, амаар дамжин шууд дамжин халдварладаг. Shigella è un genere di batteri della famiglia delle Enterobacteriaceae Gram-negativo, anaerobio facoltativo, immobile (in quanto privo di flagelli), ossidasi-negativo, asporigeno e correlato con Escherichia coli.Il genere è stato così chiamato in base al suo scopritore, Kiyoshi Shiga, che lo definì nel 1898